8th Grade Reading Standards
Concept 4: Vocabulary
PO 1. Determine the meaning of vocabulary using linguistic roots and affixes (e.g., Greek, Anglo-Saxon, Latin).
PO 2. Use context to identify the intended meaning of unfamiliar words (e.g., definition, example, restatement, synonym, contrast).
PO 3. Use context to identify the meaning of words with multiple meanings (e.g., definition, example, restatement, contrast).
PO 4. Determine the meaning of figurative language, including similes, metaphors, personification, idioms, hyperbole, and technical language.
PO 5. Identify the meanings, pronunciations, syllabication, synonyms, antonyms, and parts of speech of words, by using a variety of reference aids, including dictionaries, thesauri, glossaries, and CD-ROM and the Internet when available.
Concept 5: Fluency
PO 1. Read from a variety of genres with accuracy, automaticity (immediate recognition), and prosody (expression).
Concept 6: Comprehension Strategies
PO 1. Predict text content using prior knowledge and text features (e.g., illustrations, titles, topic sentences, key words).
PO 2. Confirm predictions about text for accuracy.
PO 3. Generate clarifying questions in order to comprehend text.
PO 4. Use graphic organizers in order to clarify the meaning of the text.
PO 5. Connect information and events in text to experience and to related text and sources.
PO 6. Apply knowledge of the organizational structures (e.g., chronological order, compare and contrast, cause and effect relationships, logical order, by classification) of text to aid comprehension.
PO 7. Use reading strategies (e.g., drawing conclusions, determining cause and effect, making inferences, sequencing) to interpret text.
Concept 1: Elements of Literature
PO 1. Analyze plot development (e.g., conflict, subplots, parallel episodes) to determine how conflicts are resolved.
PO 2. Compare (and contrast) themes across works of prose, poetry, and drama.
PO 3. Describe a character, based upon the thoughts, words, and actions of the character, the narrator’s description, and other characters.
PO 4. Contrast points of view (e.g., first vs. third, limited vs. omniscient) in literary text.
PO 5. Analyze the relevance of the setting (e.g., time, place, situation) to the mood and tone of the text.
PO 6. Draw conclusions about the style, mood, and meaning of literary text based on the author’s word choice.
PO 7. Analyze the characteristics and structural elements (essential attributes) of a variety of poetic forms (e.g., epic, lyric, sonnet, ballad, elegy, haiku, free verse).